(Smithsonian) A team of scientists reports March 30 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences how carbon behaved during Earth’s violent formative period. The findings can help scientists understand how much carbon likely exists in the planet’s core and the ways it influences chemical and dynamic activities that shape the world, including the convective motion that powers the magnetic field that protects Earth from cosmic radiation.
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Sorting through millions of possibilities, a search for battery materials delivered results in five weeks instead of 50 years.
(DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory) Loading single platinum atoms on titanium dioxide promotes the conversion of a plant derivative into a potential biofuel.
(University of California – San Diego) A trio of studies are the latest developments in a paradigm shift that could change how Earth history is understood. They support an assertion by a Scripps Institution of Oceanography geophysicist that a once-liquid portion of the lower mantle, rather than the core, could have exceeded the thresholds needed to create Earth’s magnetic field during its early history.
(Salk Institute) Just like humans and other animals, plants have hormones. One role of plant hormones is to perceive trouble and then signal to the rest of the plant to respond. A multicenter team led by current and former investigators from the Salk Institute is reporting new details about how plants respond to a hormone called jasmonic acid, or jasmonate. The findings could help researchers develop crops that are hardier and more able to withstand assault, especially in an era of rapid climate change.
(University of Texas at Austin) New research from The University of Texas at Austin has explained an important mystery about natural gas hydrate formations and, in doing so, advanced scientists’ understanding of how gas hydrates could contribute to climate change and energy security.
IMAGE: Photo of the Biofuels Cropping System Experiment in Michigan, taken by an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Research conducted by Ben-Gurion University and Michigan State University view more Credit: Photo credit: Ryan Mater BEER-SHEVA, ISRAEL…March 10, 2020 – Biomass fuels derived…
(American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev) ‘Every crop we tested had a very significant mitigation capacity despite being grown on very different soils and under natural climate variability,’ says Dr. Ilya Gelfand, of the BGU French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research. ‘These crops could provide a very significant portion of the decarbonization of US light-duty vehicle transport to curb CO2 emissions and slow global warming.’ Decarbonization of transportation is critical to limit rising temperatures.’