(Penn State) Sorgum crops in areas where the parasite witchweed is common have locally adapted to have mutations in a particular gene, which helps the plant resist the parasite. A new study led by researchers at Penn State reveals the effects of this mutation, as well as other genes that might confer parasite resistance.
(Rutgers University) A nuclear war that cooled Earth could worsen the impact of ocean acidification on corals, clams, oysters and other marine life with shells or skeletons, according to the first study of its kind.
(U.S. Army Research Laboratory) Scientists are closer to understanding exactly what happens inside batteries that make them prone to fire, thanks to a molecular eye of sorts.
(University of Colorado at Boulder) A new study reveals a previously unknown cost of nuclear war — shifts in ocean chemistry that could have serious consequences for the world’s coral reefs and other marine life.
(Penn State) The United States possesses large reserves of natural gas, like Pennsylvania’s Marcellus Shale, but the fuel powers few of the country’s vehicles, due partly to storage limitations.
Australia is on fire. Antarctica’s “Doomsday Glacier” is melting. Last year was the second hottest year on record. The six hottest years in all of recorded human history? The last six. Scientists are scrambling to find ways to slow —…
Scientists have uncovered a broad diversity of large and giant viruses that belong to the nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDV) supergroup. As a result, virus diversity in this group expanded 10-fold from just 205 genomes, redefining the phylogenetic tree of giant viruses.
(Southwest Research Institute) Southwest Research Institute is now the home of a reciprocating compressor flow loop that is capable of recreating real-life gas pipeline pressures, temperatures and horsepower levels. The flow loop is one of only a handful of its kind available for industry research, development and testing and will play a central role in an ongoing SwRI project to reduce methane emissions.
(Colorado State University) Before cadmium telluride solar cells can corner the photovoltaics market, they require further improvement in their performance. The US Department of Energy has funded a team of Colorado State University and other researchers to focus on a classic bottleneck that has stymied the widespread introduction of cadmium telluride as a solar material.
(University of Massachusetts Amherst) Zeolites crystals, used among other things for refining petroleum to gasoline and biomass into biofuels, are the most-used catalysts by weight on the planet, and discovering mechanisms of how they form has been of intense interest to the chemical industry and related researchers, say chemist Scott Auerbach et al. at UMass Amherst. They hope their advance on a new way to understand zeolite structure and vibrations leads to new, tailor-made zeolites for use in sophisticated new applications.