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Thermo-chemical power generation integrated with forced convection cooling

(Tokyo Institute of Technology) Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology combine forced convection cooling with thermo-electrochemical energy conversion to create a self-sustaining liquid cooling system. A liquid electrolyte is circulated through a cell to cool a hot object, and the reversible chemical reaction in the cell generates a higher electric power than the hydrodynamic pump work required to drive the liquid through the cell. This technology resolves the longstanding unaddressed issue of the loss of free energy component of the thermal energy.

First measures of Earth’s ionosphere found with the largest atmospheric radar in the Antarctic

(Research Organization of Information and Systems) Using the Program of the Antarctic Syowa Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere/Incoherent Scatter (PANSY) radar, the largest and fine-resolution atmospheric radar in the Antarctic, researchers performed the first incoherent scatter radar observations in the southern hemisphere.

HKUST researchers shed light on modulation of thermal bleaching of coral reefs by internal waves

(Hong Kong University of Science and Technology) An international research team led by an ocean scientist from The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) has demonstrated in a recent research paper the cooling impact of internal waves across depths on coral reefs, which has the potential to create thermal refuges for corals and is important for making more accurate predictions of coral bleaching.

Not so selfish after all–Key role of transposable elements in mammalian evolution

(Tokyo Institute of Technology) A scientist at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) has revealed a key role for ‘selfish’ transposable elements in the evolution of the mammary gland, a defining feature of all mammals.

Wind and solar plants rise in the shadow of Fukushima's nuclear meltdown in Japan

In March 2011, a chain of events led to the most complicated nuclear accident that has ever occurred. It began with a magnitude-9.0 earthquake, followed by a tsunami that caused a meltdown of the nuclear reactor in Fukushima, Japan. It…

Energy

Wind and solar plants rise in the shadow of Fukushima's nuclear meltdown in Japan

In March 2011, a chain of events led to the most complicated nuclear accident that has ever occurred. It began with a magnitude-9.0 earthquake, followed by a tsunami that caused a meltdown of the nuclear reactor in Fukushima, Japan. It…

Warning system for aviation exposure to solar energetic particles (WASAVIES)

(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT)) A research group led by the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), and the National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR) succeeded to develop a WArning System for AVIation Exposure to Solar energetic particles (WASAVIES), which can estimate radiation dose due to solar energetic particles in real-time just after the solar flare occurrence.

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A new spin on life’s origin?

Researchers used a rotary evaporator to coax non-chiral molecules to form supermolecules of a specific helicity. This work may be used to synthesize cheaper pharmaceuticals, and also explain how the handedness of biomolecules originated.