Forests cover nearly a third of all land on Earth, providing vital organic infrastructure for some of the planet’s densest, most diverse collections of life. They support countless species, including our own, yet we often seem oblivious of that. Humans…
When Hennig Brandt discovered the element phosphorus in 1669, it was a mistake. He was really looking for gold. But his mistake was a very important scientific discovery. What Brandt couldn’t have realized was the importance of phosphorus to the future of farming.
Most of us want to live in a world without waste. The problem is, it’s everywhere. Buy organic food? It’s often wrapped in plastic. Produce? Bioplastic bags don’t cut the mustard for some foodies (how did cut the mustard become an expression?). Order a pallet to buy in bulk? Guess what — stuff is effectively saran wrapped onto the pallet to keep it from sliding around. Turns out, plastic is useful
(Kaunas University of Technology) Tandem perovskite-CIGS solar cells, produced as a result of the collaboration between Lithuanian and German researchers, have reached an efficiency of 23.26%, which currently is a world record value in this type of cells. One reason for the success lies in the cell’s intermediate layer of organic molecules: they self-assemble to cover even rough semiconductor surfaces. The self-assembling materials were synthesised at Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania.
(NASA/Johnson Space Center) Understanding how fire spreads and behaves in space is crucial for the safety of future astronauts and for understanding and controlling fire here on Earth.
This novel drone-based chemical monitoring system tracks the health of the Amazon in the face of global climate change and human-caused deforestation and burning.
The lakes on Saturn’s moon Titan are filled with liquid methane, not water, and some are surrounded by steep rims. A new study suggests these features might have been caused by explosions of warming nitrogen, which created Titan’s lake basins long ago.
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) While every fire needs a spark to ignite and fuel to burn, it’s the hot and dry conditions in the atmosphere that determine the likelihood of a fire starting, its intensity and the speed at which it spreads. Over the past several decades, as the world has increasingly warmed, so has its potential to burn.
(Stanford’s School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences ) Fires in Southeast Asian peatlands release huge amounts of carbon, along with deadly smoke. Now, new satellite measurements of soil moisture may offer a promising approach to reducing those fires and their widespread haze.