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Climate normals showing warming trend throughout the United States – ABC 57 News

The new climate normals have been issued for all of the United States. Every 10 years the average temperatures for the year are recorded, and placed into a data set that shows this temperature trend dating back all the way…

Perovskite solar modules: High efficiency on a large surface area

(Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) ) From cell to module without loss of efficiency: Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have managed to produce perovskite solar modules with minimum scaling loss. For this purpose, they combined laser-based series interconnections with vacuum processing of all layers of the solar cell. They achieved an 18 percent efficiency on an area of four square centimeters – a world record for vacuum-processed perovskite solar modules.

New study explores functionality in aquatic ecosystems

(Universität Bayreuth) The functions of water-dominated ecosystems can be considerably influenced and changed by hydrological fluctuation. The varying states of redox-active substances are of crucial importance here. Researchers at the University of Bayreuth have discovered this, in cooperation with partners from the Universities of Tübingen and Bristol and the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Halle-Leipzig.

Can federated learning save the world?

(University of Cambridge) Training the artificial intelligence models that underpin web search engines, power smart assistants and enable driverless cars, consumes megawatts of energy and generates worrying carbon dioxide emissions. But new ways of training these models are proven to be greener.

Could a newly created white paint help fight global warming? – CGTN

Xiulin Ruan, a Purdue University professor of mechanical engineering, holds up his lab’s sample of the whitest paint on record. (Purdue University/Jared Pike) Xiulin Ruan, a Purdue University professor of mechanical engineering, holds up his lab’s sample of the whitest…

Independent evolutionary origins of vertebrate dentitions, according to latest study

(University of Bristol) The origins of a pretty smile have long been sought in the fearsome jaws of living sharks which have been considered living fossils reflecting the ancestral condition for vertebrate tooth development and inference of its evolution. However, this view ignores real fossils which more accurately reflect the nature of ancient ancestors.

Evidence suggests bubonic plague had long-term effect on human immunity genes

(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) Scientists examining the remains of 36 bubonic plague victims from a 16th century mass grave in Germany have found the first evidence that evolutionary adaptive processes, driven by the disease, may have conferred immunity on later generations of people from the region.