(Bar-Ilan University) With the Law of Brevity in mind, researchers examined whether call amplitude, rather than call duration, might be the main factor by which animal vocal repertoires are optimized. They fitted rock hyraxes with audio recorders and logged all of their calls, creating full vocal repertoire. The researchers demonstrate how changing necessities can affect the development of different voices for various purposes, and provide clues as to how the complexity of human language began to develop.
(Geological Society of America) The Curtis-Hedberg Petroleum Career Achievement Award has been established by the Energy Geology Division of The Geological Society of America (GSA) and will be awarded in 2020 at the GSA Annual Meeting in Montréal, Canada.
(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) An experiment shows undersea fiber optic cable can act as earthquake detectors, a new tool will enable important insights into the microbial communities in the environment and inside our bodies, and an infrared technique at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source probes active chemistry at the solid-liquid interface.
(University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science) A new study by scientists at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami (UM) College of Arts and Sciences, and Valencia College analyzed the fossilized remains of clams to reconstruct the cooking techniques of the early inhabitants of Puerto Rico. The results showed that Puerto Ricans over 2,500 years ago were partial to roasting rather than boiling their food as a soup.
(University of California – Berkeley) Photonic systems can transform underwater fiber-optic cables into a dense network of seismic stations to illuminate ocean-floor earthquake zones impossible to study today, according to a new study by researchers from UC Berkeley, Berkeley Lab and Rice University. The scientists turned 20 kilometers of cable around the underwater San Gregorio Fault system in Monterey Bay into an array of some 10,000 seismic sensors by interferometrically measuring backscattered light caused by strain along the cable.
Animated shows with animal characters — specifically the Japanese anime Kemono Friends — can increase public interest in real wildlife, including boosting donations to conservation programs at zoos. A new national analysis in Japan highlights the potential of entertainment-conservation partnerships to increase public interest in the natural world even as communities become increasingly urbanized.
(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) The University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture and The Nature Conservancy have signed a historic agreement to manage the university’s forested research properties under the highest standards for forest management while also selling carbon credits to benefit society and fight climate change.
The highly contagious norovirus causes diarrhea and vomiting and is notorious for spreading rapidly through densely populated spaces, such as cruise ships, nursing homes, schools and day care centers. There are no treatments for this intestinal virus. A new study has shown that gut microbes can tamp down or boost the severity of norovirus infection based on where along the intestine the virus takes hold.
(University of Alberta) A team of researchers at the University of Alberta has unearthed a well-preserved Styracosaurus skull — and its facial imperfections have implications for how paleontologists identify new species of dinosaurs. Nicknamed Hannah, the dinosaur was a Styracosaurus — a horned dinosaur over five metres in length with a fan of long horns. UAlberta paleontologists have learned much from those horns — because they aren’t symmetrical.
(University of Malaga) Researchers of the Faculty of Science of the University of Malaga (UMA) have designed a low-cost T-shirt that generates electricity from the temperature difference between the human body and the surroundings. We are talking about the ‘e-textile’ prototype, developed in collaboration with the Italian Institute of Technology in Genoa (IIT) based on sustainable methods and low-cost materials like tomato skin.