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Emmanuel Boss selected as Fellow of The Oceanography Society

(The Oceanography Society) The Oceanography Society (TOS) congratulates Dr. Emmanuel Boss for being selected as a Fellow of The Oceanography Society. The citation on Dr. Boss’s certificate recognizes him for his contributions to and his leadership in ocean optics and its use in mapping biogeochemical processes in the ocean, for his inspirational teaching, and for his unwavering commitment to service and mentoring of young scientists.

A new archaeology for the Anthropocene era

Scantily clad tomb raiders and cloistered scholars piecing together old pots — these are the kinds of stereotypes of archaeology that dominate public perception. Yet archaeology in the new millennium is a world away from these images. In a major new report, researchers probe a thoroughly modern and scientific discipline to understand how it is helping to address the considerable challenges of the Anthropocene.

How plants produce defensive toxins without harming themselves

Scientists describe the biosynthesis and exact mode of action of diterpene glycosides in wild tobacco. These antiherbivory compounds attack the cell membrane. To protect themselves from their own toxins, tobacco plants store them in a non-toxic form. Autotoxicity and the protection against it seem to play a greater role in the evolution of plant defenses than previously thought.

Scientists reduce uncertainty in forest carbon storage calculations

Investors who bet on tropical forest conservation and reforestation to solve global warming by storing carbon in wood face huge uncertainties because the science behind predicting carbon stocks is still shaky. Even the best Earth Systems Models fail to predict how carbon stored by tropical forests varies from place to place.

Penned release of green geckos has potential to help preserve threatened native species

Researchers outlined how they translocated 19 barking geckos to Mana Island, using the method of penned release – enclosing them in a 100m² pen for three months so they get used to the site and hopefully establish a breeding population.

Accounting for the gaps in ancient food webs

(Santa Fe Institute) Studying ancient food webs can help scientists reconstruct communities of species, many long extinct, and even use those insights to figure out how modern-day communities might change in the future. There’s just one problem: only some species left enough of a trace for scientists to find eons later, leaving large gaps in the fossil record — and researchers’ ability to piece together the food webs from the past.

Understanding future species distribution: new data for biogeographers

(CMCC Foundation – Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change) A new CMCC global and free access dataset of 35 bioclimatic indicators just presented on Nature Scientific Data. It will complement and enlarge the availability of spatialized bioclimatic information, crucial aspect in many ecological and environmental studies and for several disciplines, including forestry, biodiversity conservation, plant and landscape ecology.