(University of California – Berkeley) Photonic systems can transform underwater fiber-optic cables into a dense network of seismic stations to illuminate ocean-floor earthquake zones impossible to study today, according to a new study by researchers from UC Berkeley, Berkeley Lab and Rice University. The scientists turned 20 kilometers of cable around the underwater San Gregorio Fault system in Monterey Bay into an array of some 10,000 seismic sensors by interferometrically measuring backscattered light caused by strain along the cable.
(DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory) Extreme drought’s impact on plants will become more dominant under future climate change, as noted in a paper out today in the journal Nature Climate Change.
(Princeton University) Superconductors are already in use in various capacities, but newer iron-based superconductors have potential for future use. Researchers led by a Princeton team have studied what happens to the superconducting nature of these materials when impurities are added. The results shed light on how superconductivity behaves in these materials.
(Penn State) Equilibrium climate sensitivity — how sensitive the Earth’s climate is to changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide — may be underestimated in individual climate models, according to a team of climate scientists.
(Arizona State University) In a new study, led by Petra Fromme and Nadia Zatsepin at the Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, the School of Molecular Sciences and the Department of Physics at ASU, researchers investigated the structure of Photosystem I (PSI) with ultrashort X-ray pulses at the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (EuXFEL), located in Hamburg, Germany.
(University of Birmingham) Recycling technologies for end-of-life lithium ion batteries (LIBs) are not keeping pace with the rapid rise of electric vehicles, storing up a potentially huge waste management problem for the future, according to a new study.
(Chinese Association of Automation) Researchers based in Brazil have developed a way to better control wind energy systems in electrical generation. Wind energy systems are typically expensive to maintain, and they can only convert a portion of their produced energy into storage. The results were published on IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica, a joint publication of IEEE and the Chinese Association of Automation, and could have implications for making wind energy systems more efficient and cost-effective.
The design allows EVs to be recharged for a range of 200 to 300 milesâand the battery can be recharged more than 2,500 times.
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All things plugged in will bleed some energy. Called “standby” electricity loss because it’s so often associated with electronics in standby or idle mode, it’s also known as “phantom” or “vampire” electricity (for obvious reasons). Even turned off, many appliances…
(Stanford’s School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences ) Research combining future climate conditions and arsenic-induced soil stresses predicts rice yields could decline about 40 percent by 2100, a loss that would impact about 2 billion people dependent on the global crop.