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AI used to test evolution’s oldest mathematical model

Researchers have used artificial intelligence to make new discoveries, and confirm old ones, about one of nature’s best-known mimics, opening up whole new directions of research in evolutionary biology.

Males of a feather flock together

(Deutsches Primatenzentrum (DPZ)/German Primate Center) ‘Birds of a feather flock together’ or rather ‘opposites attract’? The recently published study on male macaques in Thailand speaks for the former: Behavioral biologists from the German Primate Centre — Leibniz Institute for Primate Research and psychologists from the University of Göttingen have observed that the more similar male Assamese macaques are in their personality, the closer they get and the stronger their social bonds.

Manual of tool that generates early warnings on tropical forest loss now widely available

(International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)) Terra-i allows specialists and governments around the globe to keep tabs on forest cover change, and generate warnings on deforestation in near real-time. Now, an open-access user manual allows anyone to use this free tool.

New study in Science: Why humans in Africa fled to the mountains during the last ice age

(Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg) People in Ethiopia did not live in low valleys during the last ice age. Instead they lived high up in the inhospitable Bale Mountains where they had enough water, built tools out of obsidian and relied mainly on giant mole rats for nourishment. In the current issue of Science, an international team of researchers provides the first evidence that our African ancestors had already settled in the mountains during the Palaeolithic period, about 45,000 years ago.

Heat Will Kill Thousands in Chinese Cities Each Year From Climate Change – D-brief – Discover Magazine

Beijing commuters drive through a layer of “severe” air pollution in this 2014 photo. A new analysis says that human-caused climate change will lead to thousands of additional deaths across Chinese cities in the decades ahead. (Credit: Hung Chung Chih/Shutterstock)…

Discovery of non-blooming orchid on Japanese subtropical islands

(Kobe University) A group of Japanese scientists has discovered a new orchid species on Japan’s subtropical islands of Amami-Oshima and Tokunoshima that bears fruit without once opening its flowers. They named the new species Gastrodia amamiana, and the findings were published in the online edition of Phytotaxa on August 2, 2019.