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Menopausal Mother Nature

News about Climate Change and our Planet


A pledge to fight climate change is sending money to strange places

Rich nations say they’re spending billions to fight climate change. Some money is going to strange places. Wealthy countries have pledged $100 billion a year to help reduce the effects of global warming. But Reuters found large sums going to…

The science behind global warming

Just like we use a blanket to keep ourselves warm, the Earth too has a blanket to keep itself warm. This blanket is surprisingly made of the much-abhorred carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases. If there was no carbon…

Green bonds and guarantees: Key tools to contain global warming

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Republicans take aim at Biden’s climate plan in debt ceiling fight

Amid warnings about looming fiscal catastrophe, the GOP is attempting to use Biden’s climate agenda as a bargaining chip over raising the debt ceiling – even if it could hurt Republican voters. Late last month, House Republicans narrowly passed speaker…

Central banks raising interest rates makes it harder to fight the climate crisis | Thomas Ferguson and Servaas Storm

In late 2021, consumer price inflation surged in many countries. Prices shot up again following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. In response, central banks drastically tightened monetary policy – raising interest rates from near zero to around 5%…

Lager Beer, the World’s Favorite, was Invented By Accident 400 Years Ago When 2 Yeasts Walked into a Bar – Study

lucas Oliveira

Lager is the world’s most popular beer, and new research shows it was invented by accident more than 400 years ago in Bavaria.

The yeast that is currently used to brew cold beer originated in Munich, at the court of Maximilian the Great, after two different yeasts came into contact and mated.

Their coupling created the new species Saccharomyces pastorianus, which works at a much slower rate and at cooler temperatures in caves and cellars.

For thousands of years, all beers were fermented with the particular strain named Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It ferments warm and relatively quickly – producing what we refer to as ale. Evidence of fermented beverages from China date back at least 7,000 years ago, and from Israel up to 13,000 years ago.

In a new study, a microbiologist at the Technical University of Munich explained that lager uses S. pastorianus, which is responsible for the production of bottom-fermented lagers.

“It is a hybrid that arose from the mating of the top-fermenting ale yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the cold-tolerant Saccharomyces eubayanus around the start of the 17th century,” said lead author Dr. Mathias Hutzler.

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For their study published in FEMS Yeast Research, the team combined documents with evolutionary and genetic data to trace the beverage’s origins to the Munich brewery of the Duke of Bavaria in 1602.

The mingling

They found S. cerevisiae (the most common yeast used in European brewing at the time, which produced ale) had contaminated a batch of beer brewed with the wild variant S. eubayanus at a wheat brewery in the small town of Schwarzach in southern Germany.

The paler beers that today are the most popular in the world are the lagers, like Heineken, Miller, and Corona—and researchers sought to understand the historical shift from ale to lager in Europe.

The mystery of the lager yeast’s parentage was solved in 2011, when S. eubayanus was discovered in the Patagonian Andes in Argentina.

The new study shows S. pastorianus developed in three stages. First, the yeast strain S. cerevisiae came to Munich from Bohemia, where brewers had made wheat beer since at least the 14th century—it’s the same species that is still used today to make ale-style beer, wine, and bread.

Then, in a Munich brewery in 1602, it mated with S, eubayanus, which was also involved in making beer, giving rise to S. pastorianus.

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The new species of yeast was distributed around Munich breweries first, and then throughout Europe and the world. Lager now accounts for approximately 90 percent of the beer consumed annually.

According to Dr. Hutzler, no one had figured out how S. pastorianus came about, until now.

LIFT YOUR GLASS–By Sharing This Discovery With Beer-Lovers on Social Media…

Climate Change and Poverty Pose Challenge to World Bank – The Wall Street Journal

The World Bank, embarking on a comprehensive overhaul of its lending practices, faces a tough question: How should it use its limited resources to fund climate projects while still helping the world’s poor?  The bank’s wealthy member countries are reluctant…

Climate change adding 50 homers a year in MLB, study says – The Associated Press

By SETH BORENSTEIN April 7, 2023 GMT Climate change is making major league sluggers into even hotter hitters, sending an extra 50 or so home runs a year over the fences, a new study found. Hotter, thinner air that…

Climate activist Deanna ‘Violet’ Coco’s 15-month jail sentence quashed on appeal

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‘I warned the FBI about this guy Osama bin Laden’: the people who predicted disasters, from the 2008 crash to Covid

‘Thinking I could have stopped it is something I have to deal with’ Ali Soufan on 9/11 In October 2000, Ali Soufan, a 29-year-old Lebanese-American FBI agent, was driving across Brooklyn Bridge when his pager beeped. More than 7,000 miles…

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