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Land restoration in Latin America shows big potential for climate change mitigation

(International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)) Land restoration in Latin America and the Caribbean is picking up pace and scaling up projects will help the region meet its pledges under the Bonn Challenge, which aims to restore 350 million hectares of degraded and deforested land worldwide by 2030. A new study supplies a first map of restoration projects in Latin America and shows their potential to mitigate climate change through restoring forests.

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Fe metabolic engineering method succeeds in producing 1,2,4-butanetriol sustainably from biomass

A more environmentally-friendly and sustainable method of producing the useful chemical 1,2,4-butanetriol has been discovered. The team utilized a method involving the direct fermentation of xylose in rice straw using an engineered yeast strain to produce 1,2,4-butanetriol.

Tiny airborne particles from wildfires have climate change implications

(Arizona State University) Wildfires are widespread across the globe. They occur in places wherever plants are abundant — such as the raging fires currently burning in the Brazilian Amazon. Such biomass burning (BB) can be an environmental calamity. The smoke from BB events produces large amounts of aerosol particles and gases. These emissions can cause major problems for visibility and health, as well as for local and global climate.

Why we must protect the ocean's 'twilight zone'

Most of us think of the ocean as what we see on the sunny surface. But beneath the shimmering waves, there’s a deeper layer called the twilight zone. Referred to by scientists as the mesopelagic, this dimension is considered a…

Good or Bad? An Essential Guide to Biomass Pros and Cons

The post Good or Bad? An Essential Guide to Biomass Pros and Cons appeared first on Earthava.

Over 70 percent of Americans say that 100% of our electricity should come from renewable sources. What do most people think if when you say renewable energy? They talk about solar panels or wind farms. And yet, there are more types of renewable energy that don’t receive the same attention. Biomass energy is the burning of wood, plants, and […]

The post Good or Bad? An Essential Guide to Biomass Pros and Cons appeared first on Earthava.

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How plants decide between growth or defense

During their daily quest for survival, plants need to strike a careful balance between growth and defence. Both functions are vital for their successful reproduction, however, most plants are not able to do both at the same time. The mechanisms behind this peculiar trade-off are little understood and it has often been hypothesised that restricted energy availability is the main limiting cause.