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Specific bacterium in the gut linked to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Researchers have detected a connection between Brachyspira, a genus of bacteria in the intestines, and IBS — especially the form that causes diarrhea. Although the discovery needs confirmation in larger studies, there is hope that it might lead to new remedies for many people with irritable bowel syndrome.

How tissue geometry influences the movement of cells through the body

Cells move constantly throughout our bodies, performing myriad operations critical to tissue development, immune responses and general wellbeing. This bustle is guided by chemical cues long studied by scientists interested in cellular migration.

LaserNetUS receives $18 million from US Department of Energy

(Institut national de la recherche scientifique – INRS) In 2018, the US Department of Energy established a network of facilities operating ultra-powerful lasers, called LaserNetUS. Organized and funded through the Department’s Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (FES), the new network was created to provide vastly improved access to unique lasers for researchers, and to help restore the US’s once-dominant position in high-intensity laser research. This new funding ($18 million), distributed among 10 partner institutions.

Researchers reveal why heat stress damages sperm

Biologists have used the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans to identify molecular mechanisms that produce DNA damage in sperm and contribute to male infertility following exposure to heat.

In new strategy, Wellcome Trust will take on global health challenges – Science Magazine

With an endowment worth £28 billion, the Wellcome Trust is taking on goal-oriented global health challenges. Arcaid Images/Alamy Stock Photo By Kai KupferschmidtOct. 19, 2020 , 7:01 PM One of the world’s largest nongovernmental funders of science, the Wellcome Trust,…

AI methods of analyzing social networks find new cell types in tissue

In situ sequencing enables gene activity inside body tissues to be depicted in microscope images. To facilitate interpretation of the vast quantities of information generated. Researchers have now developed an entirely new method of image analysis. Based on algorithms used in artificial intelligence, the method was originally devised to enhance understanding of social networks.

Russian scientists suggested a transfer to safe nuclear energy

(Far Eastern Federal University) Scientists from Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU), Ozersk Technological Institute, and the Russian Academy of Sciences have improved a processing technology of a monazite concentrate which is a mineral raw material employed as a source of rare earth elements and thorium. The latter, in turn, is a part of the thorium-uranium fuel cycle that is more eco-friendly compared to the one based on uranium and plutonium. A related article appears in Energies.

Survey shows broad bipartisan support for a stronger focus on science

(Research!America) A recent survey commissioned by Research!America on behalf of a working group formed to assess America’s commitment to science shows overwhelming support for science across political parties. A strong majority of Americans agree that “the COVID-19 pandemic is a disruptive event and requires urgent refocusing of America’s commitment to science.”