Researchers used 120,000-year-old fossils to predict how Gulf of Mexico coral reefs will respond to climate change toward the end of this century.
The fossil fuel industry, political lobbyists, media moguls and individuals have spent the past 30 years sowing doubt about the reality of climate change – where none exists. The latest estimate is that the world’s five largest publicly-owned oil and…
(University of Exeter) More than half of the climate tipping points identified a decade ago are now ‘active,’ a group of leading scientists have warned.
(American Association for the Advancement of Science) Under a 2°Celsius warming scenario, 80 to 83% of language areas in New Guinea — home to the greatest biological and linguistic diversity of any tropical island on Earth — will experience decreases in the diversity of useful plant species by 2070, according to a new study.
Increased carbon dioxide allows plants to photosynthesize more and use less water. But warmer temperatures drive plants to use more water and photosynthesize less. So, which force, CO2 fertilization or heat stress, wins this climate tug of war? It depends on whether forests and trees are able to adapt to their new environment.
Extreme drought’s impact on plants will become more dominant under future climate change, as noted in a new article.
(DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory) Extreme drought’s impact on plants will become more dominant under future climate change, as noted in a paper out today in the journal Nature Climate Change.
(Princeton University) Princeton University-led researchers have extracted 2 million-year-old ice cores from Antarctica — the oldest yet recovered — that provide the first direct observations of prehistoric atmospheric conditions and temperatures. They used data from the ice cores to answer long-held questions about how our current colder, longer glacial cycle emerged.
(CNRS) New results from the Tara Oceans expedition, led by a collaboration between the Tara Ocean Foundation and teams from the CNRS, EMBL, CEA, Sorbonne Université and Université Paris Science Lettres between 2009 and 2013 show that the diversity and functions of planktonic species in the global ocean change dramatically according to latitude.
(Penn State) Equilibrium climate sensitivity — how sensitive the Earth’s climate is to changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide — may be underestimated in individual climate models, according to a team of climate scientists.