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Anthropology

National Geographic Society grant to fund research into Easter Island

(Binghamton University) Binghamton University anthropologists Robert DiNapoli and Carl Lipo received a $60,280 grant from the National Geographic Society’s Committee for Research and Exploration to explore how ancient populations managed freshwater scarcity.

The Lifestyle of This Amazonian Tribe May Hold a Key to Healthy Aging

Although people in industrialized nations have access to modern medical care, they are more sedentary and eat a diet high in saturated fats. In contrast, the Tsimane have little or no access to health care but are extremely physically active and consume a high-fiber diet that includes vegetables, fish, and lean meat. “The Tsimane have […]

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Underwater ancient cypress forest offers clues to the past

(Louisiana State University) Louisiana State University marine geologist and paleoclimatologist Kristine DeLong’s new research findings uncover new information about the underwater ancient cypress forest and the Gulf Coast’s past.

Non-parents expand ‘facial dexterity’ in caring for infants among primates

(New York University) Non-parents expand the range of their facial expressions in caring for infants among primates. The study shows the ability, among non-relatives, to both decipher facial expressions and to be attuned to others’ emotional states, revealing the evolutionary nature of communication.

Decolonising ecology? How to adopt practices that make science more equitable

(University of Cape Town) Knowledge systems outside of those sanctioned by Western universities have often been marginalised or simply not engaged with in many science disciplines, but there are multiple examples where Western scientists have claimed discoveries for knowledge that resident experts already knew and shared. According to a new paper there are five interventions to build a more anti-oppressive and decolonial ecology.

MIT unveils a new action plan to tackle the climate crisis

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT has released an ambitious new plan for action to address the world’s accelerating climate crisis. The plan, titled “Fast Forward: MIT’s Climate Action Plan for the decade,” includes a broad array of new initiatives and significant expansions of existing programs, to address the needs for new technologies, new policies, and new kinds of outreach to bring the Institute’s expertise to bear on this critical global issue.

Archaeologists pinpoint population for the Greater Angkor region

(University of Oregon) Long-running archaeological research, boosted by airborne lidar sensing and machine-learning algorithms, finds that Cambodia’s Greater Angkor region was home to 700,000-900,000 people. The new estimate, made possible by a study designed at the University of Oregon, is the first for the entire 3,000-square-kilometer low-density region.

Study offers earliest evidence of humans changing ecosystems with fire

(Yale University) Mastery of fire has given humans dominance over the natural world. A Yale-led study provides the earliest evidence to date of ancient humans significantly altering entire ecosystems with flames.

Modern human brain originated in Africa around 1.7 million years ago

(University of Zurich) The human brain as we know it today is relatively young. It evolved about 1.7 million years ago when the culture of stone tools in Africa became increasingly complex. A short time later, the new Homo populations spread to Southeast Asia, researchers from the University of Zurich have now shown using computed tomography analyses of fossilized skulls.