(Oregon State University) A National Science Foundation study of factors that cause corals stress suggests that localized attempts to curb pollution on reefs won’t save them without a worldwide effort to reduce global warming.
(Ecological Society of America) Get a sneak peek at these new scientific papers in the Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment: Nature reserves and wilderness areas plagued by understaffing and budget shortfalls; Extremely old trees endure in China; Fuel breaks stop wildfire in its tracks — but may create new problems; Connecting species to possible future safe havens; and Wildfires as an ecosystem service.
(University of Jyväskylä – Jyväskylän yliopisto) Increasing amounts of carbon compounds originating from the permafrost and thicker soils end up to lakes along surface flow and become processed by different organisms there. They alter resource utilization and community structure of macroinvertebrates
(Carnegie Institution for Science) Which of Earth’s features were essential for the origin and sustenance of life? And how do scientists identify those features on other worlds? A team of investigators with array of expertise ranging from geochemistry to planetary science to astronomy published this week an essay in Science urging the research community to recognize the vital importance of a planet’s interior dynamics in creating an environment that’s hospitable for life.
(Portland State University) Forest fires are causing snow to melt earlier in the season, a trend occurring across the western US that may affect water supplies and trigger even more fires, according to a new study by a team of researchers at Portland State University (PSU) , the Desert Research Institute (DRI), and the University of Nevada, Reno.
(Baylor University) Recent hybridization of the Gulf killifish — a large minnow common in the heavily polluted Houston Ship Channel — has enabled the species to adapt rapidly to extreme pollution, a Baylor University study has found.
(University of Bristol) The duck-billed hadrosaurs walked the Earth over 90-million years ago and were one of the most successful groups of dinosaurs. But why were these 2-3 tonne giants so successful? A new study, published in Paleobiology, shows that their special adaptations in teeth and jaws and in their head crests were crucial, and provides new insights into how these innovations evolved.
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA’s Aqua satellite focused an infrared eye on a very powerful Tropical Cyclone Fani as it approached landfall in northeastern India. Fani is a powerful Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
(American Association for the Advancement of Science) The Gulf killifish of Galveston Bay, Texas, was both nearly doomed to local extinction by humans transforming its home to a toxic soup, and also rescued by humans — through their accidental introduction of an invasive fish genetically armed with pollution-resistant traits.