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Shiga Bank : MEASURES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE / GLOBAL WARMING – Marketscreener.com

MEASURES FOR

CLIMATE CHANGE/ GLOBAL WARMING

Our Approach to Climate Change

Climate change and other global environmental changes, such as the increasing damage caused by abnormal weather, are having a major impact on economic activities and our daily lives. These changes have already become a significant risk to all humanity. Under these circumstances, governments and companies worldwide are accelerating their efforts to shift to a decarbonized society by reviewing their social and economic structures, which are dependent on fossil fuels.

The Bank has regarded responding to global warming, a factor of climate change, as one of the important management issues. We have begun setting targets for greenhouse gas emissions reduction in our Medium-Term Business Plan

in April 2004 and established the CSR Charter (Management Principles) featuring harmonious coexistence with the environment in April 2007. In October 2020, we established the Sustainability Policy that serves as a basic policy for management and also revised our Environmental Policy. Having thus renewed our recognition of the importance to respond to climate risks, we are working to create a sustainable society by establishing a “virtuous circle propelling the economy and environment forward” by fulfilling its role as a financial institution.

Shiga Bank’s Sustainability Policy

We aim to enhance our corporate value by following our CSR Charter (Management Principles) based on our motto “Be tough on ourselves, kind to others and serve society,” and to contribute to realizing a sustainable society through co-creation with regional communities.

  1. Identifying materiality (priority issues) and solving local issues through business activities
    Identify materiality that will lead to sustainable development and prosperity for both Shiga Bank and regional communities and develop and provide products and services that help solve social issues. Also, promote the digitalization of regional communities and support the creation of problem-solving businesses to realize a sustainable society.
  2. Management focusing on the social impact of business activities Strive to reduce the negative impact of our business activities on people and the environment while continuously expanding the positive impact. Place particular emphasis on the social impact of financial intermediation and create a virtuous cycle of money toward a sustainable society through dialogue with our customers.
  3. Establishing a business model that contributes to the conservation and revitalization of the global environment
    Understand that the prosperity of regional communities, which is the foundation of our existence, is based on the benefits of nature, including Lake Biwa, and the sustainability of the global environment. Establish a business model that contributes to realizing a decarbonized society, the construction of a circular economy, and the conservation of biodiversity.
  4. Respecting human rights and building relationships of trust with society
    Respect human rights and conduct honest and fair corporate activities based on high ethical standards. Also, build a strong relationship of trust by complying with laws and regulations, disclosing information fairly and accurately to stakeholders, engaging in two-way dialogue, and responding sincerely to the expectations and requests of society.
  5. Developing human resources who can think and act on their own and improving the workplace environment
    Strive to develop human resources who can think and act independently, making the SDGs and regional social issues their own business. Aim to create a work environment for respecting diverse personalities and work styles, enhancing work-life balance, and having each employee fully demonstrate their abilities.

TOP MESSAGE

ABOUT SHIGA BANK

MEASURES FOR CLIMATE

IMPLEMENTING THE PRINCIPLES

CHALLENGES FOR

POWERS SUPPORTING

FINANCIAL SECTION

CHANGE/GLOBAL WARMING

FOR RESPONSIBLE BANKING

VALUE CREATION

VALUE CREATION

Shiga Bank Environmental Policy: For a Sustainable Future of the Regional Society

As a local bank in Shiga Prefecture–home to Lake Biwa, an asset we hold in trust for the future–Shiga Bank is committed to contributing to the creation of sustainable regional communities by driving ESG finance, as well as working on initiatives for climate risk response and biodiversity preservation with a determination to protect the environment using the circulation of money.

  1. Environmental conservation through business activities
    We will work together with the regional society on environmental conservation initiatives, including for Lake Biwa, through our business activities such as developing and offering financial products and services that promote efforts towards SDGs and ESG.
  2. Initiatives to mitigate environmental impact
    As an Eco-First Enterprise, we will drive efforts to reduce environmental impacts of our business activities, such as the use of sustainable energy, recycling, waste reduction, pollution control, and green procurement.
  3. Compliance with relevant environmental laws
    We will comply with environmental laws and regulations and work to translate SDGs, Paris Agreement and other social needs into corporate activities.
  4. Governance and management systems
    We will build a system that allows steady implementation of efforts to realize sustainable society, keep the leadership team regularly informed of the state of our environmental initiatives, formulate strategies and set goals that take into account environmental risks and opportunities, and thereby ensure appropriate management.
  5. Full participation and information disclosure
    We will publish our Environmental Policy and readily disclose the state of its implementation, in addition to making it thoroughly known across the Bank and by all who work for the Bank and raising awareness for the policy so that it is put into action by each person.

Timeline

1999 Established the Environmental Policy

2000 Acquired ISO 14001 certification

2001 Signed the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI)

2004 Established the CSR Committee

Set targets for greenhouse gas emissions reduction in the Medium-Term Business Plan

2007 Established the CSR Charter (Management Principles)

2010 Revised the Environmental Policy (first revision) Established the Policies for Biodiversity Preservation

2017 Announced the Shigagin SDGs Declaration

2018 Announced support for TCFD Recommendations

2020 Signed the Principles for Responsible Banking Established the Sustainability Policy

Revised the Environmental Policy (second revision) Reorganized CSR Committee into Sustainability Committee

2021 Adopted the achievement of Shiga Prefecture’s “Shiga CO2 Net Zero” emissions target as one of the Bank’s long-term vision challenges

2022 Announced endorsement of GX League Basic Concept of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry

Published the results of scenario analyses of transition and physical risks

SHIGA BANK REPORT 2022

19

MEASURES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE/GLOBAL WARMING

Responding to TCFD Recommendations

Having announced its support of the Recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) in July 2018, the Bank has been disclosing information in line with the TCFD Recommendations since fiscal year 2019, with a view to building engagement with shareholders, investors and a wide range of other stakeholders through such disclosure. We will continue working to improve disclosure and lead the decarbonization efforts of regional communities. The current state of response to the Recommendations are outlined below.

Governance (Governance of climate-related risks and opportunities)

Recognizing that climate change and other environmental and social challenges are important matters concerning its management, the Bank discusses these matters at the meetings of the Board of Directors and reflects the outcome in its management strategy and risk management. Specific measures and initiatives are discussed at the Sustainability Committee chaired by the President, the content of which are reported to the Board of Directors at least once a year. The Board of Directors is fully prepared to execute appropriate supervision on matters reported such as the state of greenhouse gas emissions reduction.

The Sustainability Committee meets three times a year with Management Meeting members, General Managers of each department and office, and presidents of associated companies as Committee members. The Committee deliberates on policies and plans for addressing medium- to long-term ESG challenges, including such matters as identifying priority issues (materiality), developing Sustainability Vision, examining measures to be taken by departments based on the Sustainability Policy, setting environmental goals based on ISO 14001, conducting scenario analysis in accordance with TCFD Recommendations. Matters of significance are reported to the Management Meeting (Executive Committee) and the Board of Directors.

Board of Directors

Report

Supervise

Executive Committee

Sustainability Committee

Expand

Departments/offices, Group companies

Cooperate

Sustainable Strategy Office

Business environment

Strategy

To further our response to risks and opportunities, including those of climate change, we have identified three areas for priority action, namely, “establishing the regional economy,””ensuring sustainability of the global environment,” and “training a diversified workforce,” and developed a Sustainability Vision (long-term vision) aimed at achieving sustainable society.

In October 2020, we established a Sustainability Policy focusing on sustainability of the regional communities and set up Sustainable Strategy Office in the General Planning Department, and also a team dedicated to ESG finance in the Business Promotion Department in order to be better prepared to boost sustainable financing towards making decarbonized society a reality.

(1) Recognition of risks, opportunities and impacts

The Bank assesses climate change risks (transition risks and physical risks) for the time frames of short-term (five years), medium- term (10 years), and long-term (30 years) under 1.5°C scenario and 4°C scenarios. With regard to the risks and opportunities that have been recognized, we are making efforts related to CO2 emissions reduction and also considering reflecting the findings in our investment and financing strategy.

TOP MESSAGE

ABOUT SHIGA BANK

MEASURES FOR CLIMATE

IMPLEMENTING THE PRINCIPLES

CHALLENGES FOR

POWERS SUPPORTING

FINANCIAL SECTION

CHANGE/GLOBAL WARMING

FOR RESPONSIBLE BANKING

VALUE CREATION

VALUE CREATION

Type of risk/opportunity

Impact on business

Timing of manifestation

Policy and legal

Impact on the Bank’s credit costs arising from actions that the Bank takes in response

to decarbonization policies and regulations in order to achieve the 1.5°C scenario,

Medium term or

Market

or from changes in market orientation towards low-carbon via the impact of such

long term

Technology

changes on the business and performance of investment and financing targets

Transition risks

Policies

Establishment of, or amendments to, regulations following the global trend

Short term

toward increased actions against climate change

Reputation

Negative rumors resulting from lack of efforts against climate change or

Short term

insufficient disclosure of information

Impacts on the Bank’s credit costs arising from the impacts of increased natural

Short term, medium

disasters such as floods on the business and performance of investment and

term, or long term

Acute risks

financing targets

Physical risks

Risk of damage to the Bank’s assets from natural disasters such as floods

Short term, medium

term, or long term

Impacts on the Bank’s credit costs arising from the impacts of increased infectious

Short term, medium

Chronic risks

diseases or heatstroke cases on the business and performance of investment and

term, or long term

financing targets

Products/

Increased capital needs of companies related to the development of low-carbon

Short term, medium

services

products and services

term, or long term

Resource

Reduced costs of companies as a result of efforts for the transition to a

Short term, medium

Opportunities

efficiency,

decarbonized society; increased capital needs related to such transition

term, or long term

energy source

Reputation

Increased business opportunities resulting from our higher social reputation as a

Medium term or

financial institution that contributes to decarbonization of regional communities

long term

The proportion of energy and utility (electricity, excluding renewables) sectors, which are considered to be exposed to particularly high transition risk among the carbon-related assets for which disclosure is recommended by TCFD, in the Bank’s total lending as of March 31, 2022, is approximately 2.36%.

We are considering working to grasp the whole picture including other carbon-related assets.

(2) Scenario analysis

We conducted two scenario analyses after consulting multiple scenarios published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the International Energy Agency (IEA), among others, and taking into consideration the Paris Agreement, the agreement at the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP26) held in November 2021, etc. The impact of increase in credit costs is expected to be limited, as cost reduction can be achieved by way of medium- to long-term efforts.

  • Analyze risks (transition risks, physical risks) and opportunities for each sector
  • Determine subject sectors for scenario analysis
  • Choose scenario for transition risks and physical risks depending on the subject of analysis, and analyze the impact on credit costs

Results of analysis on transition risks

Item

Details

IEA’s “Net Zero Emissions Scenario 2050 (NZE Scenario)”

Scenario

* A report that shows a road map for transition to an energy system for achieving net zero emissions of greenhouse gases in 2050 while

limiting the rise in global temperature to 1.5°C above pre-industrial level.

Subject sector

1) Power utility 2) Oil, coal and gas

Subject period

Up to 2050, with March 31, 2021, as a base

Metrics

Credit-relatedexpenses (credit costs) *Credit costs based on borrower classification

Results of analysis

A total of 5 billion to 10 billion yen increase in credit costs in the period to 2050

  • As we go ahead with decarbonization with eyes to the future, the current power source composition is not permissible and need to be gradually changed.
  • Consequently, under the NZE Scenario, CO2 emissions are expected to fall drastically in the future. (a global trend)

SHIGA BANK REPORT 2022

21

MEASURES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE/GLOBAL WARMING

(For reference) Trend in global power generation and composition by source in the NZE scenario

Thousand

TWhOil

Unabated natural gas

Unabated coal

Fossil fuels with CCUS

Hydrogen based

Nuclear

Other renewables

Hydropower

Wind

Solar PV

Source: Net Zero by 2050 A Roadmap for the Global Energy Sector, IEA

Results of physical risk analysis

Item

Details

Scenario

IPCC’s “RCP8.5 Scenario” (4°C Scenario)

A “100-year flood occurs” in the period to 2050

Subject region

The whole areas of Shiga and Kyoto Prefectures

Subject entities

Borrowers of business loan (excluding large corporations)

Credit-related expenses (credit costs)

Metrics

1) Downgrading of borrower classification of borrower company in light of decline in sales due to suspension of business

2) Damage to collateral

Results of analysis

Increase of 4 billion yen in credit costs

Hazard map of Shiga Prefecture and southern part of Kyoto Prefecture showing the locations of the Bank’s customers

  • Mapped the Bank’s customers (yellow dots) on the hazard maps of Shiga and Kyoto Prefectures (for a 100-year flood)
  • In Shiga Prefecture, floods are expected mainly along the rivers flowing into Lake Biwa. In Kyoto Prefecture, widespread flood damage is expected mainly along the rivers Kamo, Katsura, Uji, and others.

Kamo River

Katsura River

Ane River

Uji River

Ado River

Echi River

Kizu River

Flood depth

Flood depthbelow 0.5 m 0.5-1M 1-2M 2-5M

5 m or above Customer

Yasu River

below 0.5 m 0.5-1M1-2M2-5M

5 m or above Customer

Shiga Prefecture

Southern part of Kyoto Prefecture

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The Shiga Bank Ltd. published this content on 30 September 2022 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 30 September 2022 00:23:05 UTC.

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