Uncategorized

Global warming: Melting of ice at Greenland triggers rise in levels of oceans around the world. Find out h – Economic Times

Rising temperatures are the main reason that the Arctic is on the boil, with millions of tonnes of snow and ice melting and creating a rather scary scenario for humankind in general. It is believed that within this century, ocean water levels are going to keep surging up, inundating large tracts of land near the coastal regions. More than 1.3 billion people could directly be affected by these developments as major seaports and cities located near the coastal areas would go under water, forcing people to leave for higher zones. NASA has said that Greenland is the main reason why our Earth’s water levels continue to rise.

Oceans have been rising ever since the beginning of the industrial revolution and continue unabated. If the global promise of trying to control rising temperatures to 2 degrees Celsius is adhered to, the water is going to rise by 27 cm. The snowfall on the ice sheet helps protect the lower layers from melting away. But it is estimated that the snowline is receding every year and exposing the lower ice sheet to sunlight, causing major melting away of the ice.

According to the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Greenland will lose its total mass by 3.3%. If high levels of melting are experienced as they have been in 2012, the water level will rise by 78 cm in this century. This will expose coastlines to severe storm surges, causing many islands to drown completely and inundate vast tracts of land with seawater.

This new island may be world’s northernmost

​New island found

This could well be the northernmost island of the world, reports say. A team of Arctic researchers from Denmark say they discovered it off the coast of Greenland by accident. It is yet to be officially named.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts that sea levels will rise by 18 cm by 2100. According to Jason Box, the report’s author, this suggests that the estimates made at the time were “too low.”

The upper areas of Greenland’s ice sheets are able to add ice mass due to snowfall every year. However, it has been noticed since the 1980s that there has been a deficit of ice. Due to the surface melting of ice, Greenland is now losing more ice than it creates. The calculations of yore are in jeopardy as Greenland is unable to retain ice or create ice. Instead, its ice is melting, creating more water and increasing the water level. Gerhard Krinner, on the other hand, believes that melting will cause large areas to flood this century. He is of the view that the climate deal signed between countries in the Paris acknowledges that the global warming average would be 2 degrees Celsius. At this rate, or up to 2.5 degrees Celsius, 1.3 billion people are expected to be affected by floods and water logging. So, one can imagine what would happen if 78 cm of water level was experienced.

Disclaimer Statement: This content is authored by an external agency. The views expressed here are that of the respective authors/ entities and do not represent the views of Economic Times (ET). ET does not guarantee, vouch for or endorse any of its contents nor is responsible for them in any manner whatsoever. Please take all steps necessary to ascertain that any information and content provided is correct, updated, and verified. ET hereby disclaims any and all warranties, express or implied, relating to the report and any content therein.

LEAVE A RESPONSE

Please help keep this Site Going