Explained: What Are Carbon Bombs And How Are They Contributing To Global Warming – Indiatimes.com
Climate change challenges countries all over the world. Due to human activities, the climate is changing constantly and intensely. Climate holds an important place in many aspects of our lives- such as food production, transport, economy, water, air, wildlife and health. Due to rising temperatures, serious changes are occurring in our climate, which in turn causes severe consequences for future food security, water resources, health as well as biodiversity.
World becoming warmer and warmer
Since the industrial revolution, the temperature has risen by 1 degree Celsius making the world warmer and warmer, which is known as global warming which causes our climate to change. Our oceans have also absorbed around 30% of the carbon dioxide released since the industrial revolution, causing the water to turn more acidic.
Extreme weather is becoming more frequent and more intense. Flooding, droughts and forest over the last few decades. Flooding and droughts often damage farmlands and infrastructure, while forest fires carry severe risks to our health. Scarcity of proper food and water will make most of the land uninhabitable and can affect thousands of lives as people need to leave their own houses and move to some other place to live.
What are carbon bombs?
According to the definition given by the Guardian: carbon bombs is “an oil or gas project that will result in at least a billion tonnes of CO2 emissions over its lifetime.”
There are over 195 projects in a similar line are identified across the world. Some of the countries include the US, Russia, West Asia, Australia and India. The report states that as per the Paris Agreement of 2015, these countries will collectively overshoot the limits of emissions.
The Guardian used the term ‘carbon bombs’ in an investigation project. Under this project, the plans of countries and private companies across the globe to engage in 195 ‘carbon bombs’.
Some of the Indian projects are Carmichael Coal Project owned by the Adani Group, Gevra Coal Mines in Chhattisgarh owned by Coal India, and Rajmahal Coal Mines in eastern Jharkhand owned by Eastern Coalfields.
What does the research reveal?
The investigation to identify and ‘defuse carbon bombs’ was conducted by a group of lawyers, environmentalists and activists. Simply put, it was identified that projects of countries and private companies have the possible potential to contribute to global warming.
Carbon bombs are coal, oil or gas which produce pollution during the process of extraction and also emit carbon when burnt in large quantities.
The report revealed that more than 60% of these carbon bomb projects are already undergoing. Further, the threat of methane was flagged other than coal, oil and gas. The investigation report mentions that it “routinely leaks from gas operations and is a powerful greenhouse gas, trapping 86 times more heat than CO2 over 20 years”.
The dependency on fuel from conventional sources and not utilising emerging green sources of energy is also criticised by the report.
Diffuse carbon bombs
The aim of the network is called ‘Leave It In the Ground Initiative’ (LINGO) and the mission is to “leave fossil fuels in the ground and learn to live without them.” It further focuses on organising ground support against such projects and challenges through litigation and conducting research-analysis.
It considers the burning of fossil fuels the prime reason for climate change and it can be tackled by the 100% use of renewable energy.
The methods like increased forest cover and decreased man-made emissions will help to attain Net-zero emissions into the atmosphere.
What is the Paris Agreement of 2015?
Paris Agreement is an international agreement to fight the global issue of climate change. In 2015, the governments of 195 nations came together in Paris, France to discuss a possible new global agreement on climate change with the objective to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.
During this meeting, a landmark agreement was signed, popularly known as a 32-page Paris agreement, it has 29 articles.
In the agreement, the global rise in average temperature to 2 °C and strive for the target of 1.5 °C as compared to pre-industrial levels.
Inputs from Th Indian Express, The Guardian