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Climate change: Scientists to identify ways to remove carbon in IPCC report to be released on Apr 4 – India Today

As the impact of climate change is felt in various parts of the world, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is set to release a key report focusing on how to mitigate the aggravating situation. The experts are likely to look at technologies that can help in the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere that is responsible for the warming of the planet.

The third installment of the Sixth Assessment Report will not just have the experts in attendance but also leaders from all across the world, who will have to sign and approve the document for it to become binding when the panel releases it on April 4.

The panel has so far released two sets of reports detailing the causes, challenges, and impacts of the rising temperatures. While the first showed that unless there are immediate, rapid, and large-scale reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, limiting warming to close to 1.5 degrees Celsius to 2 degrees Celsius will be beyond reach, the second report found that human-induced climate change is causing dangerous and widespread disruption in nature. It’s affecting the lives of billions around the world and the window for action is narrowing.

Professor Navroz K. Dubash from the Centre for Policy Research, who is a Coordinating Lead Author (CLA) for the third report, said that the IPCC Working Group 3 report faces the daunting task of assessing the research and guiding policymakers on solutions to the urgent challenge of climate change.

Extreme weather events have become much more common and intense in last few years across the world. (Photo: AP)

India certainly faces the risk of serious climate harms that will impact our development prospects and has a strong interest in the collective implementation of solutions by the world community,” Professor Navroz said adding that the IPCC will inform this action by assessing scenarios, policies, laws, and governance and prospects in specific sectors.

The third report will lay out a way forward for how governments can mobilise to accelerate mitigation action to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

WHAT HAVE IPCC REPORTS FOUND SO FAR?

The UN body has released two reports in the last eight months that have found that climate change is emerging as one of the biggest threats concerning not just the world, but the entire planet. In its first report, released in August last year, the panel expressed concerns over the climate reaching a tipping point.

Quantifying the likelihood of extreme events in a wide variety of scenarios, the UN panel said that for 1.5 degrees Celsius of global warming, there will be increased heat waves, longer warm seasons, and shorter cold seasons. At two degrees Celsius of global warming, heat extremes would more often reach critical tolerance thresholds for agriculture and health.

The second part of the report released last month revealed that if human-caused global warming isn’t limited to just another couple tenths of a degree, an Earth now struck regularly by deadly heat, fires, floods, and drought in future decades will degrade in 127 ways with some being “potentially irreversible.”

The reports shed light on how climate change interacts with global trends such as unsustainable use of natural resources, growing urbanization, social inequalities, losses and damages from extreme events, and a pandemic, jeopardizing future development.

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