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A New Vision that Faces Global Warming Head-On – Columbia University

On October 14, 2021, journalist Kate Aronoff gave an online talk at Columbia’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation to mark the recent launch of her book, Overheated: How Capitalism Broke the Planet—and How We Fight Back. The presentation was followed by a discussion among Aronoff; Alyssa Battistoni, assistant professor of political science at Barnard; Kian Goh, assistant professor of urban planning at UCLA; Patrick Houston, climate and inequality campaigns associate at New York Communities for Change; and GSAPP Professor Reinhold Martin, outgoing director of the Temple Hoyne Buell Center for the Study of American Architecture.

Overheated gives an account of the forces that have hijacked progress on climate change, and shares a vision of what it will take, politically and economically, to face global warming head-on. Aronoff covers the new denialism taking root in the halls of power, shaped by decades of neoliberal policies and centuries of anti-democratic thinking. Since the 1980s, Democrats and Republicans have each granted enormous concessions to industries focused on maintaining business as usual. And policymakers have given oil and gas executives a seat at the table designing policies that should euthanize their business model.

This approach, Aronoff emphasizes in Overheated, will drive the planet further into emergency. She lays out an alternative vision, detailing how democratic majorities can curb polluters’ power; create millions of well-paid, union jobs; enact climate reparations; and transform the economy into a more sustainable one.

Upending Models of How the World Could Transform in the Future

Aronoff spoke about the impetus for the book, which she initially pitched to publishers amid a different political climate in 2018. At that time, “the Green New Deal wasn’t on the agenda in a meaningful way outside of me, some friends, and folks on the climate left,” she said. “So writing an eco-socialist book effectively felt like a pretty strange thing to be doing.” 

Aronoff pointed to an interview with Betty Sue Flowers as a sort of revelation for Overheated. Flowers, emerita professor of English at the University of Texas, Austin and former director of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library and Museum, was recruited to work as a scenario-planning expert for Royal Dutch Shell during the 1990s. In this role, she was tasked with upending executives’ models of how the world could transform over the next 10 to 30 years.

“The irony of a multinational oil company being the inspiration for a book that suggests euthanizing them isn’t lost on me, but I think Flowers and her team had the right idea,” said Aronoff. “We don’t know what’s going to happen, and we probably can’t know, but we can be prepared with ideas, dreams, organizing, and the tools to make the future better.”

Overheated challenges “capitalist realism,” a term coined by British writer Mark Fisher to describe the idea that there is no possible alternative to capitalism. Aronoff sees the last several years as “a pretty good rebuke of capitalism,” and an opportunity to imagine how radical changes could create different kinds of futures.  

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