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Biden Administration Puts Global Warming At Center Of Agenda As Nations Prepare For COP26 – Environment – United States – Mondaq News Alerts

United States: Biden Administration Puts Global Warming At Center Of Agenda As Nations Prepare For COP26

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On February 19, 2021 the Munich Security Conference
(“MSC”), world’s leading forum for debating
international security policy, organized a special edition event
assembling world decision-makers such as Joe Biden, Angela Merkel,
Emmanuel Macron and Boris Johnson to discuss transatlantic
cooperation.

Traditionally held in February, the MSC had to postpone its yearly held conference due
to the ongoing pandemic
. The special edition aimed at providing
senior leaders with a globally visible platform to discuss how to “rebuild and renew the transatlantic and
international cooperation” and “continue vital
debates
” at the very time and place the MSC 2021 would
have normally kicked-off.

Divided in four sections, the event dedicated a spotlight to
tackling the Climate crisis in which John Kerry, climate envoy to
the United States, warned that the world’s “best” and “last” hope to get back on track to limit global warming
to 1.5C is the upcoming November United Nations climate summit to
take place in Glasgow (“COP26“).

The climate envoy asked leaders to put in place policies aimed
at “averting the worst consequences of global warming”
asserting that “there is no faking it in this moment” and
affirming that none of the world’s major signatories to the
Paris climate agreement had been doing enough.

In its December 2020 Emissions Gap Report, the United
Nations Environment Program concluded that Since December 12, 2015,
global greenhouse gas emissions had continued to climb by 1.3% per
year on average. 2019 breaking records with 52.4 billion tons of
CO2 emitted by human activity, almost 60 billion tons if the
emissions due to the cultivation of land formerly in natural areas
are included.

President Biden’s Administration on Climate Change

John Kerry’s announcement tallies with the United States’ formal re-entry to the
Paris Accord on February 20, 2020
and follow through on
President Biden’s promise to take “aggressive action to
tackle climate change”.

United states had officially withdrawn from the accord in 2019
after former President Donald Trump had begun the process in 2017.
This withdrawal from the agreement by the United states, world’s second-largest emitter of CO2 according
to the World Bank
, had been received negatively by Governments around the
world
.

Hours after being sworn in, President Biden moved to reinstate
the United States to the Paris agreement, signing two executive orders and a Memorandum addressing
climate change policy and scientific integrity
on January 27,
2021 (“Climate Day”). The two Executive Orders and Memorandum included a
moratorium on new oil and gas lease permits on federal lands and
waters and announced an intent to join domestic action with
international action so as to increase global action on climate
change.

The Orders reaffirm the United States’ attentiveness to
address climate change “both bilaterally and
unilaterally” and addresses climate change measures at the
domestic level. The Government expects to but in place both a “government-wide approach” and a strategy
centralized with the White House Office of Domestic Climate Policy,
tasked with overseeing all “domestic climate-policy decisions and
programs
“.

The future?

With the United states return to the Paris accord, Washington
will release a new emissions cut pledge ahead of the November COP26
convened by Biden with other major emitting countries. This new
goal should be “at least” a 50% reduction in greenhouse
gases by 2030, from 2005 levels according to Laurence Tubiana, France’s
climate change ambassador and key architect of the Paris agreement.
In comparison, the Obama administration had aimed at cutting
emissions by at least 26% by 2023 relative to the 2005 levels.

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