Volcano In Scotland May Have Caused Prehistoric Global Warming
A massive volcanic eruption in Scotland on the same scale as the infamous Krakatoa blast may have contributed to prehistoric global warming.
Scientists say that global temperatures spiked around 56 million years ago.
And a new study suggests that a major explosive eruption from the Red Hills on the Isle of Skye may have been a contributing factor to the massive climate disturbance.
Large explosive volcanic eruptions can have lasting effects on climate and have been held responsible for severe climate effects in Earth’s history.
One such event occurred around 56 million years ago when global temperatures increased by up to 8 degrees Celcius (46 degrees Fahrenheit.)
The event has been named the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM).
The warm period was associated with volcanic activity in the North Atlantic region, especially in Greenland, the British Isles and the present day North Sea region.
But, until now, no large-scale explosive eruptions had been confirmed in present-day Scotland.
A team of researchers from St Andrews University, Durham University and Uppsala University in Sweden along with the Scottish Environmental Research Center in Glasgow now seem to have found a missing piece of the puzzle.
By studying volcanic rocks called pitchstones from islands more than 18 miles apart in the Inner Hebrides off the west coast of Scotland, the researchers found “plausible” evidence of a major eruption from what is today the Isle of Skye.
The researchers, whose findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports, used several different methods to compare the pitchstones recovered from the two sites – Sgùrr of Eigg and Òigh-sgeir – including isotope geochemistry.
“Samples from the two pitchstone outcrops display identical textures and compositions in all analyses, confirming that the two outcrops represent deposits of a single, massive and explosive volcanic eruption,” Dr. Valentin Troll, of Uppsala University, said in a statement.
The researchers’ geochemical data identify the Red Hills on Skye, around 25 miles to the North, as the most likely vent area for the eruption.
Troll said: “Using this vent location, a reconstruction estimates the eruption to have been similar in magnitude to the infamous Krakatoa eruption of 1883, one of the deadliest and most destructive volcanic events in recorded history.”
He added: “Earth scientists have long thought that the Scottish sector of the North Atlantic Volcanic province did not see any large explosive eruptions at the time of the PETM.”
He said that notion is now contradicted by the findings of the study.
Troll added: “Large explosive volcanic events in the Scottish sector of the North Atlantic Volcanic Province were likely a major contributing factor to the climate disturbance of the PETM.”
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